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How To Become a Professional EV Charging Station Installer

Updated: Jul 10

how to become and EV charging station installer

The electric vehicle (EV) market in the U.S. is booming, with new EV registrations hitting an impressive 1.4 million in 2023. This rapid growth is fueling a surge in demand for EV charging infrastructure nationwide. As more people drive EVs, the need for skilled professionals to install and maintain these charging stations is skyrocketing. Now is the perfect time to dive in if you're considering a career in this dynamic field. Read on to explore how to become an EV charging station installer.

To succeed as an EV installer, you must understand EV charging station contractor licensing requirements, develop the necessary skills, and learn how to acquire these skills. Licensed electricians are uniquely positioned to take advantage of this rapidly growing opportunity to grow their businesses. Keep reading to discover the essential steps to becoming an EV charging station installer in this expanding industry.

Rapid Expansion of EV Charging Infrastructure Across the U.S.

By the end of 2023, the U.S. had over 180,000 public electric car chargers, aiming to hit 500,000 by 2030. Notably, fast chargers now make up over 35% of the public charging stock, showing a strong need for rapid charging capabilities. This remarkable expansion is fueled by substantial government funding and forward-thinking policies to enhance the reliability and accessibility of EV charging points, ensuring a bright future for electric mobility​​​​.

Licensing Requirements for EV Charging Station Installers

A licensed EV charging station installation contractor typically needs to be a licensed electrician. Licensing requirements can vary by state, but installers generally hold certifications or licenses, such as a Journeyman Electrician or Master Electrician license. This requirement ensures that electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) installations comply with safety standards and electrical codes, protecting both the installers and the users. 

However, in many jurisdictions in the US, you can assist in installing EV chargers under the supervision of a licensed electrician, even if you do not yet hold a full electrician's license. This typically involves working as an electrical apprentice or electrical helper under the direct supervision of a licensed electrician.

Some states or localities may offer specific electrical helper licenses or permits that allow individuals to work under supervision in the electrical trade. These licenses usually come with restrictions on the type of work that can be performed and often require renewal or upgrading as you gain more experience and education in the field.

Regulations for EV Charging Station Installations

Installing EV charging stations involves understanding national electrical codes, state-specific licensing requirements, and local permitting processes to ensure safe and compliant installations.

  • National Electrical Code (NEC) Compliance: The NEC sets stringent guidelines for EV charging station installations, including specifications on wiring, grounding, and other safety measures. Licensed electricians are trained to understand and comply with these codes.

  • State Regulations: Many states require that EV charging station installers hold specific electrical licenses. For instance, California requires a C-10 Electrical Contractor license, while New York mandates a Master Electrician license for such work.

  • Local EV Charging Station Permits: Local jurisdictions may have additional zoning requirements and permits for installing EV charging stations. Licensed electricians are typically familiar with these local codes and can ensure that installations meet all necessary standards. 

When you are ready to start installing EV chargers and have projects lined up, work with GreenLancer for permit-ready plan sets and professional engineering reviews and stamps.

Federal EV Charging Station Requirements

Federal guidelines for installing EV charging stations are primarily set by the NEC, specifically under Article 625. This article outlines EVSE provisions, including proper installation, wiring methods, and safety measures to prevent electrical hazards. Compliance with these NEC standards is crucial to ensure the safety, reliability, and interoperability of EV charging infrastructure.

While the NEC provides a comprehensive framework, it's important for you to stay updated on any federal regulation changes that could impact installation practices. Following these standards ensures legal compliance and meets rigorous safety and performance criteria.

State-Specific EV Charging Station Licensing Requirements

Licensing requirements for electric car charger installations can vary significantly from state to state but typically require installers to be licensed electricians.

For example:

  • California: a C-10 Electrical Contractor license from the Contractors State License Board (CSLB).

  • Florida: an Electrical Contractor (EC) license from the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation (DBPR).

  • Illinois: an Electrical Contractor license issued by local jurisdictions such as the Chicago Department of Buildings.

  • Massachusetts: a Journeyman Electrician license, with supervision by a Master Electrician, issued by the Massachusetts Board of State Examiners of Electricians.

  • New York: a Master Electrician license issued by local authorities or the NYC Department of Buildings for NYC.

  • Ohio: an Electrical Contractor license issued by the Ohio Construction Industry Licensing Board (OCILB).

  • Texas: a Journeyman Electrician license, with supervision by a Master Electrician, issued by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR).

It’s important to research and understand the specific EV charging station licensing criteria for the state where you plan to work. State-specific information can typically be found through the state's licensing board or electrical contractors' association, which can provide detailed guidance on the necessary qualifications, exams, and application processes.

Local EVSE Permits and Regulations

Understanding and complying with local building codes and zoning laws is crucial when installing EV charging stations. Local charger regulations may dictate where charging stations can be installed, what types of equipment are permissible, and how installations should be conducted to meet safety standards. 

Obtaining the necessary local permits for public EV chargers usually involves submitting detailed plans, undergoing inspections, and sometimes attending hearings or meetings to address community concerns. By meeting local regulations and obtaining all necessary permits, you can ensure your projects proceed smoothly and without legal complications. GreenLancer specializes in meeting local permit requirements for EV charging stations permits. 

Necessary Skills for EV Charging Station Installers

Becoming an EV charging station installer requires a variety of skills, including electrical knowledge, technical expertise, and safety practices. These skills ensure that installations are performed safely, accurately, and in a manner that satisfies client needs and regulatory standards.

become an EV charging station installer

Electrical Knowledge for EVSE Installers

A solid foundation in electrical systems is crucial for EV charging station contractors. This includes understanding electrical circuits, wiring, and the principles of electricity. Installers need to be proficient in tasks such as wiring, circuit analysis, and troubleshooting electrical issues. 

Technical and Engineering Skills

Familiarity with EV charging technologies and equipment is essential for successful installations. Installers must understand the various types of chargers, their specifications, and the installation processes. Skills in reading and interpreting technical drawings and plans are also important. This knowledge helps in accurately implementing the EVSE installation plans and making necessary adjustments on-site.

Safety Practices for EV Charging Station Installers

Safety is paramount in handling electrical installations. Therefore, EVSE contractors need comprehensive training in OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) guidelines to ensure they are following best practices. Skills in risk assessment and the implementation of safety protocols are critical to prevent accidents and ensure the safe operation of the charging stations. Knowledge of proper safety equipment and procedures is necessary to protect both the installers and the users of the charging stations.

Acquiring Skills to Become an Electric Car Charging Station Contractor

Becoming an electric car charging station installer requires a blend of formal education, practical training, and ongoing professional development. 

Education for Becoming a Licensed Electrician

To become an electrician, pursuing education at a trade school or community college is crucial. These institutions offer specialized courses in electrical systems, providing hands-on training essential for the field. Programs focus on practical aspects like wiring and electrical installations, preparing you for licensing exams and real-world work. Also, many technical schools and community colleges offer specialized courses tailored to the practical skills for EV charger installation.

Obtaining certifications from recognized organizations is crucial for establishing credibility and competence in the EV charging industry. Certifications like those from the EVITP are highly regarded. These programs involve comprehensive coursework and exams covering safety protocols, installation standards, and equipment handling. Passing EVITP certification exams demonstrates a thorough understanding of EV charging industry standards and practices, which is essential for professionals in this field.

Apprenticeships and On-the-Job Training in EVSE Installation

Apprenticeships play a vital role in becoming a licensed EV charging station contractor, especially as becoming a licensed electrician often requires working under a master electrician and completing a set number of hours. These programs offer hands-on training supervised by experienced professionals, enabling trainees to apply theoretical knowledge in practical scenarios. 

how to become an EV charging station installer

Continuous Learning and Professional Development

The field of EV charging infrastructure is constantly evolving, making continuous learning and professional development essential. Staying updated with the latest technologies and industry standards ensures you remain competitive and knowledgeable. Opportunities for advanced training and specialization are available through workshops, seminars, and industry conferences. Engaging in these professional development activities can help you keep pace with industry advancements and enhance your expertise.

How to Become a Licensed Electrician

Becoming a licensed electrician capable of installing EV charging stations in the U.S. typically involves several steps that can span several years:

  1. Education and Training: Start by completing high school courses in math and science to build a strong foundation. Consider enrolling in vocational training or attending a trade school specializing in electrical work. Depending on the program structure, these programs can take several months to a few years.

  2. Apprenticeship: After your educational requirements are met, you'll enter an apprenticeship program. These usually last about four to five years. During this time, you'll work under experienced electricians, gaining hands-on experience in various aspects of electrical work, including installations relevant to EV charging stations.

  3. Licensing Requirements: Upon completing your apprenticeship hours, you'll need to pass a journeyman electrician exam administered by your state or local jurisdiction. This exam tests your knowledge of electrical codes, safety standards, and practical skills necessary for installing and maintaining electrical systems, including EV charging stations.

How to Get an Electrical Helper License

Many states offer electrical helper licenses, allowing EV charging station installers to work under the supervision of a licensed electrician. This setup ensures compliance with safety standards and enables apprentices to gain valuable hands-on experience in the electrical trade.

Obtaining an electrical helper license typically involves the following steps:

  1. Check State Requirements: Requirements for electrical helper licenses vary by state. Visit your state's licensing board or department of labor website to understand specific eligibility criteria and application procedures.

  2. Education and Training: Some states may require a certain level of education, such as a high school diploma or equivalent, and possibly completion of a vocational training program in electrical work.

  3. Application Process: Fill out the electrical helper license application form. This usually includes providing personal information, educational background, and any relevant work experience.

  4. Examination: Depending on the state, you may need to pass an examination covering basic knowledge of electrical systems, safety protocols, and local electrical codes.

  5. Fees: Pay any required application fees along with submitting your application. Fees can vary widely by state.

  6. Renewal and Continuing Education: Once licensed, you may need to renew your license periodically. Some states also require completing continuing education courses to maintain your license.

Becoming an EV Charging Station Installer

A career in EV charging installation can be both rewarding and lucrative, especially with the growing demand for sustainable transportation infrastructure. As more individuals and businesses adopt electric vehicles, skilled installers can benefit from stable employment opportunities and competitive wages in this expanding industry.

Once you have EV charging station projects lined up and ready to go, GreenLancer is a valuable asset in meeting permitting and engineering requirements. Join the GreenLancer network to begin shopping for permit-ready plan sets, licensed engineering reviews, and engineering stamps.


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